Familial Influences on Weight and Weight-related Behaviors
Patricia Galvez, Marcela Vizcarra, Andiara Schwingel, Keeley Pratt, Megan Ferriby, Chinagorom Duru, Sybil Hart, Shera Jackson, Mallory Boylan, Zhen Cong, Melissa Piepkorn, Katharine Didericksen, Jerica Berge, Peter Hannan, Steven Harris, Richard MacLehose, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer; Facilitator: Jerica M. Berge
- Families & Health
About the Session
- 344-01 - Understanding family influences in Chilean women’s food world
By Patricia Galvez, Marcela Vizcarra, Andiara Schwingel
- 344-02 - Child Weight Status, Family Functioning, and Support Among Bariatric Patients
By Keeley Pratt, Megan Ferriby
- 344-03 - Effects of Exposure to Donated and Non-Donated Breast Milk on Preterm Infants’ Weight Gain
By Chinagorom Duru, Sybil Hart, Shera Jackson, Mallory Boylan, Zhen Cong, Melissa Piepkorn
- 344-04 - Familial Triadic Concordance of Home Environment and Disordered Eating
By Katharine Didericksen, Jerica Berge, Peter Hannan, Steven Harris, Richard MacLehose, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
Facilitator: Jerica M. Berge
Understanding family influences in Chilean women’s food world
This study describes family influences on food worlds in Chilean women of low socioeconomic status. Thirty-one women participated. Weight and height were measured. We conducted interviews using photo-elicitation. We analyzed the data using an inductive approach for the whole group, and then by dividing the group according to their nutritional status. Husband and children affected women's food world by guiding what they should cook and have at home. This effect seems stronger in obese or overweight women. These results demonstrate the need for using a family approach when promoting healthy diets among female populations.
- To indicate ways in which family influence women's food worlds. - To analyze women's food world using a family perspective. - To evaluate the possibility of including family members in food-related interventions.
Child Weight Status, Family Functioning, and Support Among Bariatric Patients
The relationship between parental and childhood obesity is well established, but it is less clear how parental bariatric surgery affects children and how children influence parent outcomes. A cross-sectional descriptive survey was conducted with bariatric patients who identified as parents. Patients who perceived their child to be overweight/obese children and identified as single parents reported more impaired family functioning and less support for eating and exercise in the family. Assessing pre- post-surgery measures from parents will allow the further identification what parent-child behaviors and relationship variables may be targeted to promote positive changes that benefit parents and children long-term.
1. To provide descriptive data on the parent-child dynamics of bariatric surgery patients by assessing patient weight status and perceived child weight status, family support for eating and exercise behavior change, and family functioning. 2. To determine differences in famiy functioning and support for eating and exercise change between perceived child weight status (overweight/obese and healthy weight) and family structure (single and two-parent families). 3. To provide recommendations for future research assessing parent-child dynamics among bariatric patients.
Effects of Exposure to Donated and Non-Donated Breast Milk on Preterm Infants’ Weight Gain
Twenty-seven newborns born before thirty-seven weeks on admission were divided into two groups based on the milk type they were receiving. Chart reviews was used to obtain information. Weight gain was measured at 7, 14, and 21 days. Independent sample T-test showed that at seven days and fourteen days, those fed with a combination of their mother’s and donated breast milk gained more weight than those fed with only their mother’s milk (P = .055 and P = .087). This suggests a trend that infants who receive combined milk types gain more weight in the first two weeks of feeding.
1.To analyze if mother's breast milk, when combined with donor milk, conveys health and developmental outcomes that are similar to when premature infants receive only their mother' breast milk. 2. To understand if milk type matter in premature infants’ weight gain. 3. To evaluate if the time of exposure of the different milk type matter in weight gain of premature infants.
Familial Triadic Concordance of Home Environment and Disordered Eating
This study utilizes triadic data to examine the association between mother-father-adolescent concordance (agreement) and discordance (disagreement) on home environment factors (i.e., parental encouragement of dieting, family functioning) and adolescent unhealthy weight control behaviors and binge eating. A subsample of adolescent-mother-father triads from two coordinated population-based studies (EAT 2010 and F-EAT) were used. Triads were more concordant (range 9-42%) than discordant. Results suggest that triadic concordance on healthy home environment factors is associated with fewer adolescent disordered eating behaviors in some triads.
To improve understanding of possible associations with adolescent disordered eating To examine adolescent-mother-father triad concordance To examine the relationship between home environment and disordered eating