131: Resilience, Coping, and Well-Being Among Diverse Individuals
Sarah L Feeney
- Education & Enrichment
- Families & Health
- Racial and Ethnic Diversity in Families
- Research & Theory
About the Session
Interactive Poster Sessions have a NEW LIVE INTERACTIVE approach this year to allow for more engagement between presenters and attendees. Posters listed below are included in this session. Each poster presenter will have 3 minutes to present an overview of their poster at the beginning of this session. Following all individual poster overviews, each poster presenter will move to a breakout room where attendees can have live discussions with the presenters (approximately 45 minutes). Attendees can move in and out of the breakout rooms to talk with presenters.
Posters will be available to view online beginning November 1.
Facilitator/Presider: Sarah L. Feeney
131-01 RT: The Impact of Family Resilience in Promoting School Readiness For Children With Adverse Childhood Experiences
There is no single study examining the impact of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) on school readiness using a nationally representative sample. This work uses the 2016 National Survey of Children’s Health (NSCH) preschool subsample to provide an overview of the way ACEs impact children’s school readiness skills. The four domains of school readiness considered are early learning skills, physical health/motor development, social-emotional, and self-regulation. Additionally, this work examines the ways in which family resilience can alter the relationship between ACEs and school readiness. Findings suggest that family resilience serves as a protective factor, buffering the impact of ACEs, on early learning skills, social-emotional development, and self-regulation.
- To apply the “healthy and ready to learn” national outcome measure to the childhood resilience literature
- To investigate the impact of Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) on preschoolers being “healthy and ready to learn”
- To explore the protective effects of family resilience
Subject Codes: resilience, adversity, parenting
Population Codes: early childhood, U.S., Nationally representative
Method and Approach Codes: structural equation modeling (SEM), strength-based, secondary data analysis
131-02 FH: Exploring Gender as an Interactive Predictor of Risk and Resilience in Functioning Profiles of College Students With Parental Substance Use
Ginnie Sawyer-Morris, Laura Cutler, Jennifer Carrano, Valerie Earnshaw
Empirical findings demonstrate that offspring of individuals with substance use are at increased risk for maladaptive psychosocial and health outcomes across the lifespan. However, the effects of offspring- and parent gender on such outcomes are not well-understood and have primarily been explored using variable-centered methods. The current study used a person-centered approach to classify profiles of overall functioning and examined whether offspring- and parent gender interactively predict profile membership. Data were drawn from a cross-sectional sample of college students (n= 196) who reported parental substance use problems. Profiles were based on mental health, problematic alcohol use, and academic functioning. Three profiles were identified: 1) overall high functioning, 2) low mental health functioning, and 3) overall low functioning. Preliminary results suggest thatmale students with paternal substance use seem to be the most vulnerable. Implications for mental health programming on college campuses as well as directions for future research are discussed.
- To classify college students’ overall functioning based on indicators of mental health, substance use, and academic achievement.
- To examine whether offspring- and parent gender interactively predict profile membership across latent groups of overall functioning in college.
- To discuss the implications of findings for gender-specific mental health and substance use programming on college campuses.
Subject Codes: risk factors, resilience, gender
Population Codes: undergraduate students, substance use/abuse, emerging/young adulthood
Method and Approach Codes: latent variable modeling, regression: logistic (binary, ordinal, or multinomial), applied research
131-03 FH: An Ecological Latent Class Model of Adolescent Risk and Resilience
Benjamin Bayly, Sidney Dorland
The purpose of the current study was to use latent class analysis (LCA) to identify unique subgroups of adolescents based on the presence of risk factors, individual assets (self-efficacy, self-esteem, educational aspirations), social resources (at the family, peer, and school level), and neighborhood resources and examine how these subgroups differed in terms of their depressive symptomology, heavy episodic drinking (HED), and conduct disorder.
- Identify unique subgroups of adolescents based on risk and protective factors across individual, social, and neighborhood domains.
- Examine how adolescent latent subgroups based on risk and protective factors predict depression, heavy episodic drinking, and conduct disorder in adolescence.
- Examine how adolescent latent subgroups based on risk and protective factors predict depression, heavy episodic drinking, and conduct disorder in young adulthood.
Subject Codes: protective factors, resilience, risk factors
Population Codes: adolescence, emerging/young adulthood,
Method and Approach Codes: latent variable modeling, longitudinal research, prevention
131-04 FH: Depressive Symptoms and Educational Motivation in Rural Latinx Adolescents: The Role of Familism
Valentina Iturriaga, Melinda Gonzales-Backen, Deziah Bermudez
Familism emphasizes the importance of interpersonal relationships, loyalty and cooperative attitudes within the family system. Past literature has indicated that familism is promotive of adolescent adjustment in Latinx youth. The current study examined whether familism predicted adolescent adjustment (i.e., depressive symptoms and educational motivation) in the context of acculturative stress, neighborhood risks and discrimination and whether familism moderated the relationship between these stressors and adolescent adjustment in a sample of 192 Latinx adolescents living in rural areas of Georgia and Florida. Familism was associated with better adjustment whereas discrimination, acculturative stress, and neighborhood risks were associated with less favorable adjustment. Familism significantly moderated the association between acculturative stress and educational motivation. These findings provide important directions for informing culturally informed programs to promote the adjustment of Latinx adolescents.
- To examine familism as a predictor of adolescent adjustmentamong Latinx adolescents living in rural areas
- To evaluateacculturative stress, neighborhood risk, and discrimination as predictors of negative adolescent outcomes in Latinx youth living in rural areas
- To analyze if familism moderates the associations of stressors (i.e., acculturative stress, neighborhood risk, and discrimination) and adolescent adjustment (i.e., depressive symptoms and educational motivation)
Subject Codes: protective factors, ,
Population Codes: adolescence, Hispanic/Latina/o/x,
Method and Approach Codes: qualitative methodology, ,
131-05 FH: Relations Between Self-Care, Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs), Depressive Symptoms, and Household Food Insecurity Among University Undergraduates
Kimberly Doudna, Jou-Chen Chen, Brianna Routh, Marissa Holst, Crystal Duncan Lane
The purpose of this study is to determine the statistical relations between self-care, adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), depressive symptoms, and household food insecurity among university undergraduates. Data was collected via two online surveys sent to undergraduate students. Results from this study will improve the understanding of adverse childhood experiences, depressive symptoms, and food insecurity among the target population. They will also heavily contribute to the limited understanding of how self-care is associated with ACEs, depressive symptoms, and household food insecurity among university students.
- Describe the prevalence of self-care, adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), depressive symptoms, and food insecurity among university undergraduates.
- Theorize thepotential for self-care as a protective factor that buffers the impact of ACEs, food insecurity, and depressive symptoms for university undergraduates.
- Examine the limited understanding of how self-care is associated with ACEs and current adverse experiences, such as COVID-19, among university undergraduates.
Subject Codes: protective factors, adversity, resilience
Population Codes: undergraduate students, ,
Method and Approach Codes: quantitative methodology, applied research,
131-06 FH: Social Support as a Primary Source of Resilience: Implications For Mental Health For Latinx Immigrant Youth
Martha Yumiseva-Lackenbacher, Juliana Muñoz, Andrew Conway, Ana Dudamel, Amy Lewin, Kevin Roy
Latinx are the largest and fastest-growing ethnic minority group in the U.S. accounting for 13.4 percent of all the U.S. population. The aim of this study is to better understand the strengths and sources of resilience that young Latinx immigrants bring as they navigate the challenges of adapting to a new country upon the principles of the Family Stress and Resilience Theory. 20 semi-structured qualitative interviews with adolescent and young adult immigrants coming to the U.S. from Central America were conducted. Our analysis indicates that coping mechanisms particularly social support are vital and critical for survival and growth. The value of making new connections with friends, romantic partners, extended family members, and helping professionals facilitate the adaptation and give new meaning to past experiences. Understanding the complex ways in which young Latinx immigrants find support post-migration provides important information about potential mechanisms for promoting resilience in this population.
- To understand ways in which social support can serve as a source of resilience for young Latinx immigrants as they adapt to a new country post-migration.
- To analyze the variability in family relationships as a source of resilience for young Latinx immigrants.
- To describe the ways in which young Latinx immigrants make new connections with friends, romantic partners, extended family members, and helping professionals to facilitate adaptation.
Subject Codes: coping, immigration, resilience
Population Codes: undocumented immigrant, Hispanic/Latina/o/x, communities, general
Method and Approach Codes: strength-based, resilience, community participation/action research
131-07 REDF: Coping Following Bereavement: Comparing European American and Japanese Emerging Adults
Kiho Okumura, Sarah Feeney
The physical and psychological outcomes associated with bereavement among emerging adults are well-studied, but research investigating coping with a death among this population is more limited. Furthermore, cultural values and practices are likely to shape experiences with bereavement. The current study explored similarities and differences in coping, emotional responses to grief, and posttraumatic growth among a sample of Japanese (n = 7) and European American (n = 7) emerging adults. Participants between the ages of 20-30 years old who had experienced a loss through death were recruited through convenience and snowball sampling, and interviews were conducted virtually over the summer of 2020. Qualitative analyses revealed some similarities in the coping strategies employed, including ongoing rituals, however there was a greater a variety in coping strategies employed by European Americans. Emotional responses were similar between groups, and both sub-samples demonstrated posttraumatic growth. Results offered several implications for theory and practice.
- To explore cultural differences in coping, emotions, and postraumatic growth following a death.
- To investigate emerging adults' experiences with bereavement.
- To develop and refine theory on coping and posttraumatic growth.
Subject Codes: coping, death, grief/loss
Population Codes: emerging/young adulthood, Asian/Pacific Islander, Caucasian/White
Method and Approach Codes: cross-cultural, qualitative methodology, grounded theory
131-08 FH: Examining Indicators or Correlates of Family Well-Being Using Latent Class Analysis
Consistent with the conference focus on nurturing hope, happiness, and health in families, many family scholars seek to identify indicators or correlates of family well-being. Person-centered analyses have utility on this front, which seek to uncover “unobserved population heterogeneity,” or the presence of distinct and latent subgroups within a population marked by unique response patterns across specified variables. Latent Class Analysis (LCA) offers researchers opportunities to realize a person-centered approach in their work. From social-ecological and family resilience perspectives, LCA can be leveraged to explore indicators or correlates of family well-being across or within various levels of a family’s social environment. The purposes of this poster are (a) to sensitize attendees to the capacities (and limitations) of LCA with respect to studying indicators or correlates of family well-being, and (b) to showcase the application of LCA using Mplus, a commonly used statistical software package.
- To explicate the role of person-centered analyses in shaping research related to family well-being.
- To provide foundational training in the application of Latent Class Analysis using Mplus.
- To catalyze new ideas about applying Latent Class Analysis to various areas of study that attend to family well-being.
Subject Codes: well-being, health, resilience
Population Codes: Family Scientists, ,
Method and Approach Codes: latent variable modeling, ,
131-09 EE: Laughter Lifts: Examining How a Daily-Dosed, Online Educational Intervention Can Improve Health and Well-Being
Sarah Allen, Aaron Hardy
Laugher is related to a number of physical and social health benefits. Strategies to increase laughter in one’s life can, therefore, benefit not only individuals and families, but also the communities they belong to. A daily-dosed, online health promotion program titled “Laughter Lifts: Healing with Humor” was delivered to over 18,000 school district staff, faculty, and administrative employees as part of a school-family partnership. The intervention utilized a number of strength and evidence-based strategies to increase the amount of laughter in one’s life. Qualitative and quantitative analysis demonstrate an increase in participants daily sharing of laughter and use of “funny folders” as well as improvements in health habits, mental health, overall well-being, and productivity at home and work. This suggests daily micro-dosed online interventions can be an effective way to increase the amount of laughter in one’s life within the nexus of school-family partnerships.
- To innovate the delivery of health promotion education available to individuals and families.
- To evaluate the effectiveness of the “Laughter Lifts” program.
- To provide evidence and strength-based solutions to improve the hope, happiness, and health of individuals and families.
Subject Codes: education, evidence-based practice, mental health
Population Codes: K-12, educators, employed
Method and Approach Codes: program evaluation, prevention, evidence-based practices/programs
131-10 FH: Early Childhood Maltreatment and Profiles of Resilience
Susan Yoon, Fei Pei, Jessica Logan, Nathan Helsabeck
Although there is a growing body of research on resilience among maltreated children, prior work has largely focused on older children and much less attention has been paid to resilience among young children. Furthermore, little is known about heterogeneity in resilience during early childhood. This study aimed to identify distinct profiles of resilience across multiple domains in young children involved in the child welfare system. A secondary analysis was conducted using the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being data. Latent Profile Analysis was performed on a sample of 827 children aged 3–5 years. Three distinct resilience profiles were identified: 1) low cognitive and social resilience profile (24%); 2) low emotional and behavioral resilience (19%) and 2) multi-domain high resilience (57%). The findings provide empirical support for multi-faceted nature of resilience and highlight the importance of individualized intervention approaches to promote optimal, positive development among young, child welfare-involved children.
- To examine prevalence of resilience among young children in the child welfare system.
- To identify distinct patterns of resilience during early childhood.
- To assess demographic and maltreatment characteristics associated with various profiles of resilience.
Subject Codes: resilience, abuse/neglect, well-being
Population Codes: early childhood, ,
Method and Approach Codes: latent variable modeling, ,